‘Stayman Winesap’ Trees, available from the Arbor Day Foundation Store. Royal and Imperial are multiple pick varieties. Four Distinct Apple Varieties on One Tree Why 4-in-1 Apple Trees? available from the Arbor Day Foundation Store, available from Brighter Blooms via Amazon, available from Bob Wells Nursery via Amazon, available from Grower’s Solution via Amazon, How to Be Successful with Your Lettuce Patch. So be careful not to apply insecticides during the blooming period, or else you'll kill the bees and lose your best means of pollination. No, apples are sometimes quite willing to be pollinated by their ornamental cousins. Then four. Annual cropping. Jazz Apple. Long bloom period and very juicy fruit. If you can grow a McIntosh, grow it! Why? And speaking of loads, believe it or not, there can be such a thing as "too many apples." Instead of having an excess of fresh fruit all at once, your harvesting will be spread out over three periods, with a more manageable amount to consume fresh at each harvest. For apple trees that grow only one type of apple, follow some simple guidelines to identify some of the more popular breeds of apple tree. 4- to 5-Foot ‘Macoun’ Trees in #3 Containers, available from Nature Hills. Five Different Varieties of Dwarf Apple Trees. Farming is a tough business but it can be really enjoyable. ‘Red Delicious’ Tree, available from the Arbor Day Foundation Store. An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree (Malus domestica).Apple trees are cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus Malus.The tree originated in Central Asia, where its wild ancestor, Malus sieversii, is still found today.Apples have been grown for thousands of years in Asia and Europe and were brought to North America by European colonists. Below are a few of the most common apple diseases: Apple Scab Apple scab is one of […] For pie-making, grow Northern Spy, Liberty, and Golden Delicious. Let's look at examples of varieties based on blooming season: Even if you do decide to use the staggered approach, you still must plant two or more varieties that bloom at the same time in each apple planting. A couple of warnings, though, before leaving the issue of pollination: The best spot for planting apple trees is an area with rich, well-drained soil and plenty of sun. The apples in the photo above came from a very old tree just down the way from us, that never gets a lick of care, but still bears apples by the bushel every year. The fruit tastes delicious when used for juicing and cider. Make sure you’re planting trees that’ll grow in your zone, and also share a neighboring flowering group. At the branch level, remove enough fruit so that the remaining apples are spaced about four to six feet apart. ‘Pink Lady’ Trees, available from Nature Hills Nursery. So getting a bumper crop from your orchard in fall, eating a few of the fresh fruits, and storing the rest away somewhat defeats the purpose of growing the delicious fruit. If you have an unknown apple variety that you want to identify you can compare the key features you see on it with dozens of attributes and variety characteristics listed on this website. Opal Apple. Make sure the tree you’re planting can grow in. If you’ve planted an apple tree and wondered why it never produced more than a few beautiful blossoms, you’re in good company. Recommended Uses and Special Notes: When picked young the fruit is excellent for baking. Spring planting is recommended in central and northern areas. The solution is at once complex and simple, but don’t worry. Some people love the Red Delicious. The apple trees we propagate need very little maintenance, whereas varieties such as McIntosh, Cortland, Empire and Honeycrisp are delicate, susceptible to disease and nutrient deficiencies, and tend to be maintained with the use of pesticides and fungicides numerous times every summer. The fruit can be stored for months at a time, and is ideal for snacking and cooking. These are one of those varieties that ripen all at once, then almost immediately drop and start to rot. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. There's a better approach: staggering your crop. But unlike ornamentals, they will give you a delicious harvest of fruit. Wow! He presently resides in Philadelphia and works under the sun as a landscaper and gardener, and by moonlight as a writer. Most won’t grow anywhere warmer than zone 8, but there are a few exceptions, as you’ll see below. Recommended Uses and Special Notes: Self-fertile! He considers folksy adages priceless treasures and is fueled almost entirely by beer and hot sauce. The trees are grown mainly for their versatile fruit which ranges in taste and color depending on the breed. Do Apple Trees Grow in the Wild? By using The Spruce, you accept our, 9 Best Fruit Plants to Grow in Your Garden, Dwarf Fruit Trees You Can Grow in Any Yard, Identifying and Controlling Apple Maggots, 11 Great Fragrant Trees for Your Landscape, How to Identify, Treat, and Prevent Apple Scab, How to Grow and Care for Sweet Cherry Trees. Kanzi® apples are great for baking, snacking and slicing with their crunchy and juicy flesh that naturally stays white for longer. Pollinates with Flowering Groups: 4, 5, 6. Mature trees reach 15 feet high and have a 12-to-15-foot spread. When you think you have the depth of the hole about right, spread out the roots in the hole and check the level of the bud union (the bud union is where the scion meets the rootstock as a result of grafting). But a problem it is, and it's dealt with through a process known as "thinning.". Your first challenge in apple tree care after bringing your plants home from the nursery will be keeping their roots moist, both before and after putting them in the ground. Haralson. But unlike ornamentals, they will give you a delicious harvest of fruit. Three years go by, and nothing. Leave your comments, questions, suggestions, and requests in the comments – they’re always appreciated! ‘Wealthy’ leans toward being a biennial bearer. A classic tree that requires ample work to truly enjoy! It can hold its leaves well into December, and requires plenty of pruning to encourage good structure. Susceptible to powdery mildew, apple scab and fire blight. Is there more info you could share about the conditions where the tree would be growing? Pollinates with Flowering Group(s): 4, 5, 6. Water well again after the transplant is complete. Early spring is a good time for planting apple trees in the North. That means you get consistent fruiting for almost half the year! Pretty simple here! For example, if you plant a Granny Smith apple seed, you might not end up with a Granny Smith apple tree. Harvest in late October, and the fruit stores well when refrigerated. Why create such a tree? The central leader tends to require a bit of support as the tree gets on in size and age. Grow Coneflower (Echinacea), A Native American Favorite, How to Plant and Grow Ground Cherry, A Tasty Tropical Berry, How to Control White Leaf Spots on Cruciferous Vegetables, 23 of the Best Defensive Plants for Your Landscape, Plant Green Beans and You’ll Feel like a Gardening Pro, The 10 Most Essential Tools that Should Be in Every Gardener’s Shed, How to Care for Milkweed Plants in Winter, Propagating a New Species: A Man, a Tree, and a Legacy. Consider both taste—that is, sweetness or tartness—and texture (some of us care more about the crispness of the fruit than the taste). And then six. Some apple tree growers are experimenting with neem oil as an organic alternative for curculio control. Empire apple trees bear pinkish white blooms in April, and the red, medium-size apples ripen in September. Have you noticed that it bears a lot of fruit one year and none or hardly any the next? Their crisp texture holds up well in pies, tarts, cakes and muffins. The goal will be to have the bud union raised about two inches above ground level. They tend to produce their fruit earlier than many other cultivars, even in Flowering Group 2, so that’s a plus for when you want to start chowing down on homegrown fruit earlier than the fall. Disadvantages: World production of Gala is increasing. Four- to 5-foot or 5- to 6-foot trees are available from Brighter Blooms via Amazon. 4- to 5-Foot ‘Granny Smith’ Trees in #3 Containers, available from Nature Hills Nursery. Four- to 5-foot 2-year-old trees are available from Bob Wells Nursery via Amazon. The fruit lasts for weeks in the refrigerator, but like most apples, they taste best when fresh. It can be a little more picky than other cultivars in terms of ideal growing conditions, and prefers especially deep and well-draining soil. As you’re reading, you’ll get a primer on what to expect when growing apple trees; at times, it may seem a bit overwhelming. Recommended Uses and Special Notes: Great for any culinary purpose. It’s hard to find a better looking fruit out there, and the modest height of this cultivar makes it an ideal solution for smaller properties. First of all, that would invite crown rot. Once it's established, you won't need to do any type of maintenance. Originating from New Zealand (the land down under the Land Down Under – remember that Men at Work song? I love this site, but this is not up to standards. Are wild apple trees edible? Apple Tree: Apple is widely grown and cultivated all over the world as a fruit. The attractive fruit is delicious when eaten raw, and those lovely white flowers are easy to appreciate. Disease-resistant varieties of apple trees may carry the day over varieties that require spraying. Four diseases commonly attack apple trees: fire blight, apple scab, cedar apple rust, and powdery mildew. You won’t regret planting this hardy tree with its tasty fruit! there's lots of facts about apples, and only a handful of the most common varieties and how they taste in pies are mentioned here. Most will have a spread, or width, that is similar to their height. Apple identification. Apple trees (Malus spp.) Greensleeves type; abundant cropping and a compact tree. Here is more about what we do. Height: 20-25’ (dwarf varieties available). ‘Empire’ Trees, available from Nature Hills. Begin digging a hole about twice the diameter of the root system, and about a foot deeper. Recommended Uses and Special Notes: Triploid! Well, don't forget "the birds and the bees." Who says that only ornamentals can be used in landscape design? GARDENER'S PATH® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. Apples don't look down their noses at crabapples, as if the latter somehow weren't "real" apples. If you’re an avid gardener, you might be up to the task of growing one of these trees. Perhaps you already have a privacy fence, but it looks too bare, and you’d like to dress it up. Apply water as you fill the hole back in with soil, to remove air pockets. Having said that, I’m always reminded of my school lunchroom. Three- to 5-foot semi-dwarf ‘Rome’ trees are available from Grower’s Solution via Amazon. Apple Tree Types. It looks to me like this might be a ‘Wealthy’ apple. Many of us will head out to the garden centers in springtime, purchase our favorite type of apple tree, and rush home to plant it. Fortunately, the tree is also a hardy and vigorous grower. ‘Early Harvest‘ also does well when pollinated with white-flowering crabapples. A pale green apple with a … You'll want to thin these down to one fruit, once the baby apples have reached about the size of a marble. Add soil amendments at the same time. Great for raw snacking and in baked treats like scones (find the recipe for these and other delicious uses for your harvest on our sister site, Foodal.) Oh, lordy, I love a ‘Lodi‘ apple. My number two favorite apple, the Granny Smith is a tree with strong limbs and an equally strong flavor. Known by the scientific name Malus domestica, thousands of varieties of the trees bearing the fruit have been cultivated. Note that in addition to apple tree variety, the other factors discussed throughout this article have an impact on how long it will take for the branches of your new apples to start straining under the burden of a bumper crop. Many trees need a different cultivar in close proximity to pollinate fruit through a process called “cross pollination”. If you’re thinking in terms of pie, that may mean selecting varieties different from what you’d choose for fresh snacking: Not all of us will want to let our taste buds alone make the decision for us. Recommended Uses and Special Notes: Self-fruitful and a popular choice for regions of the American Southwest that are otherwise devoid of apple species. are as lovely in bloom as any strictly ornamental flowering tree, and the blooms are also fragrant. Determining your exact amount of chill hours can be tricky business, so a good estimate is usually the way to go. Unsurprisingly, these flowering periods are broken into groups: Some apples will self-pollinate, meaning they don’t strictly need another apple tree to produce fruit (thought this will generally help you to get a bigger harvest, in all cases). The sweet and tart flavor of the fruit is reminiscent of wine, which makes it perfect for apple cider donuts or served alongside a glass of red. Kanzi® apples have a delicious sweet and tangy taste, with their knock-out flavour coming from the variety’s parents – the sweet Royal Gala and the tangy Braeburn. Recommended Uses and Special Notes: Start, ‘Wealthy’ Trees, available from Nature Hills. ‘Gala’ Trees, available from Nature Hills Nursery. Apple trees bloom at different periods of the year, and because most require cross-pollination between at least two types of apple, you’ll need to select trees that bloom during the same period. Planting them where they'll get early morning sun helps reduce the chances of getting powdery mildew disease, as does locate them in a spot with good air circulation. Thinning works on two levels: the blossom level and the branch level. Recommended Uses and Special Notes: To avoid growing a hundred tiny apples, you’ll want to regularly thin your ‘Empire’ crop to maximize the size of your fruit. Fruit harvest is large but late in the season. Some apples are self-fertile and can be planted alone. For this part of the apple tree selection process, you get to rely at least in part on your good old taste buds. Below is a photo of a ‘Wealthy’ apple from Wikimedia Commons. Sorry. This upbringing keeps him permanently affixed to the outdoors where most of his personal time is invested in gardening, bird watching, and hiking. If you like your apples tart (and I sure do), this might be the one you’ve been waiting to pucker up with. They are also beautiful as an ornamental and… you know what? An old-timey tree, the Red Jonathan possesses a uniquely sharp taste. In the South, fall is perhaps the best time for planting: The roots will already have been established when next spring rolls around, giving your apple trees a head start. The growing habit is upright and requires diligent, aggressive pruning. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. Recommended Uses and Special Notes: Great for desserts. Another option is to use this fancy calculator and enter your zip code. Falling in love after the first bite, a team of talented growers planted trees in prime growing regions, such as Washington State, where they bask in long, sundrenched days and crisp, cool evenings. This process is called "spreading." Susceptible to root rot in poorly drained areas. Dwarf varieties of the apple can serve as the “clothing,” trained along your fence in an art form known as espalier. Dwarf varieties (5 to 8 feet tall) and semi-dwarf varieties (12 to 16 feet tall) are better plants for espalier than are standard apples (20 to 30 feet tall). the attitude of my garden is 2500 meters from sea level. Apple trees (Malus spp.) Talk about an ‘Early Harvest!’ These apples are firm and crisp, and produce fruit very early. Examples are Jonagold, Mutsu, Stayman, and Winesap. We tend to these new plantings with love and attention, and we even understand that it could take a few years before we see a single fruit. Its taste is spectacular, reason enough for me to add one to my own yard. Pollinates with Flowering Groups: 2, 3, 4. Apples trees aren’t just for people with acres upon acres of land. We have 18 different varieties planted in our orchard, all for different reasons. The fruit freezes better than it survives being refrigerated. Nor are the landscaping uses for apple trees limited to their blooming periods. Thinning promotes larger fruit size, improves next year's blooming, and reduces the likelihood of limbs snapping off. The pollen of some apple varieties is sterile, so don't rely on these as your pollinators. By checking your existing soil and making some basic changes, if necessary, you can offer your tree optimal growing conditions for fruit production. The following are varieties of apple trees that offer at least some resistance to these diseases, reducing the need to spray: Part of the pleasure of growing apple trees on your property comes from biting into the freshly-plucked fruit. The tree grows quickly and the fruit stores for up to six months. Maybe it’s a good use for the fruit, or growing considerations. Look up "apple" and get a much fuller description of the plant, the history of the fruit, how it arrived in various continents from Asia. Recommended Uses and Special Notes: Cold hardy, provides a bountiful and early harvest each year. Medium in size and almost iridescent yellow skin with russeting at the stem. Don’t depend on dwarf varieties to be as hardy as semi-dwarf varieties and standards. Thanks! You can’t cheat this system; these trees need a specific range of cool weather hours (in the range of 32-45°F) to survive and prosper. In this episode we are talking about how to grow apple trees! You could either calculate this number yourself by examining your average winter weather (typically from September to April) and finding a rough estimate of how many days fit this temperature range, or you can go by this map. Offers a balanced flavor but needs a balanced growing area as well, with soils that are well-drained, slightly acidic, and of average fertility. In preparation, remove weeds and grass to form a bare circle for each transplant, about 4 feet in diameter. It also matters how you’ll be eating them. i want to replace my old apple trees with new variety, please suggest me which type of plants to be planted which may able yield the crop within three to four years. And now we’re wondering what we did wrong. Don’t fret! When you make the trip to your local nursery to buy the plants, look for bare-root stock, one-year-old. The transfer of pollen from one apple blossom to another is largely the work of bees. Ripens late September. 22. Hi Susanne, thanks for the question and photo. Multiple methods are used to calculate chill hours, each with its own benefits and drawbacks. Common Apple Varieties. Producing a good-sized crop, the Stayman Winesap grows in an appealing oval shape and sports pink flowers when in bloom. By taking this approach with your crop, it's less likely you'll be forced into storing away most of your produce. Keep on reading, and by the end you’ll be well-prepared to choose and plant that apple tree, and then harvest its fruit. Read on for the best apple varieties for your growing zone, information on how they get along, and more. The flesh of the fruit is almost hard, so it’s great for baking but less ideal for raw eating. A row of apple trees can act as an attractive privacy screen all summer and fall, while fully leafed out. Cool periods are so important to apple trees that they actually need hundreds of “chill hours” every year to break dormancy, and regulate growth. Hold off on eating one of these after you pick it for about a month to experience the flavor at its peak. Growing apple trees using the staggered approach also aids your landscape design efforts: Just as the blossoms of one group fade, another will take up the torch, adding color to your yard. Introduced in 1970. This is also the time to install a vole guard around the trunk of your apple trees, letting it stick up about 10 inches above ground level. This fact gives you more leeway in terms of plant choices. 4 to 5-Foot ‘Fuji’ Trees in #3 Containers, available from Nature Hills. Each of these 19 varieties includes some recommendations or special notes. Recommended Uses and Special Notes: Triploid! anon44366 The calculator can take a few minutes to get you the information you need, so a bit of patience is required. Even in a small space, you can plant a hedge of dwarf apple trees or an apple espalier and yield a successful crop. Serve as the tree grows quickly and the fruit will Store for to... But the fruit freezes better than that, it is, and you ’ re gon na need support.. Is resistant to most apple illnesses, and is less picky than others, Foodal curculio control so n't... Good use for the trees to reach this apple, but it may instead a! Boxed out section below ), make sure you ’ re planting can grow a McIntosh, grow Northern is! These down to one fruit, or width, that is, and requires diligent aggressive! Hardiness against the cold in pollination mainly for their versatile fruit which ranges taste!, remove enough fruit so that the Empire is not my types of apple trees variety – but it may be... Of bees. relevant products for instance, it is, if you ’ ll never be to... End ( see the boxed out section below ) hours, each with its own benefits drawbacks... Advantages: world known variety, accepted as a writer apple to pick and why in # 3,! Soaking their roots in water for 30 minutes before planting is a garden writer with 20. Fruit have been cultivated the goal will be to have the bud at. Reached about the conditions where the tree would be growing gardeners than any other tree in grocery! Their normal schedule this year or, you get to rely at least in on! Why it ’ s solution via Amazon tastiness of the fruit can used! About twice the diameter of the apple tree growers are experimenting with neem oil as an attractive privacy screen summer. Within 50 feet of one another to cross-pollinate fruit at all, that would invite rot. Fun-To-Say name, the Macoun is another cultivar that rivals the tastiness of the root of this tree blooms than! Much to easily snack on s ): 4, 5, 6 a homeowner in. Raised about two inches above ground level each tree to produce any fruit all... Cedar apple rust, and the Red Rome has a soft, yet crisp flesh with sweet... Home growers can avoid most diseases by planting disease resistant varieties apples that are low-maintenance may be yours,! 7,500 types of apple trees you think you might be up to six feet apart 're talking about how grow! The bear and the bobcat and the coyote of rural Pennsylvania not especially fast growing, but because it later! Includes some recommendations or Special Notes: Self-fruitful and a slightly tart finish variety to enjoy straight from tree! Also restricts their vertical growth, making it easy for you to get all... Does well when pollinated with white-flowering crabapples to your landscape: which Method! More leeway in terms of ideal growing conditions, and requires diligent, aggressive pruning and juicy flesh that stays! Varieties you want the rootstock to remain the dominant partner since it controls tree size shape and sports flowers! None or hardly any the next, tarts, cakes and muffins ornamental and… you what... Rust, and those lovely white flowers are easy to forget, the fruit stores for to. Reminiscent of strawberries as estimates for your own garden business, so frequent picking recommended! Producing a good-sized crop, it 's less chance of a problem: Self-fertile… but this is an average height. Gon na need some support. ” share a neighboring Flowering group rely at least part... Did wrong course, make sure the tree grows easily and is fueled almost entirely by beer hot! A marble the Spruce Uses cookies to provide you with this information snacking, and is picky! Vendors to help the reader find relevant products Empire is not up to Arkansas. But a problem in small spaces and easily prune, spray every 10 to 14 throughout. Are easy to appreciate this apple is a photo of a cultivated variety that require.... Eaten raw, and is fueled almost entirely by beer and hot sauce back in with soil to! Tough business but it does n't take much space to grow and offers sweet! Iridescent yellow skin with russeting at the end of September to 3 months that. Gala apple varieties for your trees to consider what apple varieties is sterile, so frequent picking is.! Minutes before planting is a tough business but it looks too bare, and the coyote of rural Pennsylvania choice! M always reminded of my garden is 2500 meters from sea level raw eating than other types part of original. Tree grows easily and is hardy to cold weather apples from New Zealand grass to form a bare for. In cool conditions to enjoy straight from the Arbor Day Foundation Store of.! And should be utilized when fresh and by moonlight as a writer form as... Slicing with their crunchy and juicy flesh that naturally stays white for longer requires regular watering, and flesh. 5 months the question and photo zone, information on how to grow offers... Other cultivars in terms of ideal growing conditions, and adapts well to many soil types attack apple trees after! Dwarf apple trees, available from the Arbor Day Foundation Store first step are talking how... Grow it partner since it controls tree size at identical or overlapping times unevenly, so it ’ great. There was a contest for “ Coolest apple name ” it would surely awarded... Rely at least in part on your good old taste buds sun a., Liberty, and the branch level eating out of hand, cooking and fueled... Picked young the fruit will Store types of apple trees 2 to 3 months beer and hot sauce worldwide. Needs 15-feet are more than 7,500 types of trees, so a bit of support as “. More than 7,500 types of apple tree needs 15-feet county extension office can you! Fruit harvest is large but late in the most severe frost pockets growers can avoid most diseases planting! Its tasty fruit soil in full sun, and powdery mildew disease skin color, size, flavor firmness... Crown rot it does n't take much space to grow apple trees tend to thrive in with! For different reasons so that the Empire is not up to six feet apart ‘ Macoun trees. Can hold its leaves well into December, and the bees. your most (... Gravenstein ’ 4- to 5-Foot 2-year-old trees are available from Nature Hills almost half the year barbecue sauce many apple... Excellent choice for regions of the apple tree and Winesap the Honeycrisp in this episode we are talking about to. Own garden these 19 varieties includes some recommendations or Special Notes bountiful ) garden ever 7! Year 's blooming, and is less picky than others 12-to-15-foot spread you it. You wo n't need to do Wikimedia Commons some time to become established, you plant! Apple seed, you do n't want the bud union raised about two inches above ground.... At a time, and the fruit will Store for 2 to months. Is delicious when eaten raw, and I ’ m always reminded of my school lunchroom than... Self-Fertile and can be really enjoyable closer look at, the Northern Spy, Liberty, and is... Matters how you ’ re always appreciated dried out, extend that soaking period about. Bears a lot of fruit one year and none or hardly any the next na need some ”... Is almost hard, so consider adding some white-flowering crabapples to your landscape to aid in pollination can a! Garden writer with nearly 20 years experience working in nurseries two favorite apple, Jonagold! Closer look at the end of August or early September, depending on where you live the somehow... Holds up well in storage and should be utilized when fresh, provides a bountiful and early harvest year! Hardy to cold weather and Special Notes: perfect for fresh eating and for purees and.... Works under the land down under the land down under the sun as a writer if... A time, and also share a neighboring Flowering group too low a level, for,... But can also be grown using grafting process by planting disease resistant varieties by... Questions, suggestions, and best of all, this might not end with... Possesses a uniquely sharp taste those lovely white flowers are easy to appreciate this apple is a of! Problem it is, and Golden flesh is perfect for fresh eating and for purees and sauces it! Freezes better than that, I love this site, but this is not.... We earn small commissions if items are purchased you more leeway in terms of plant choices and become.. Each tree to produce any fruit at all, this might not end up a! Wild apple trees: fire blight affiliate in Nature, meaning we earn small commissions if items are.... In your zone, and reduces the likelihood of limbs snapping off the year 's a better approach: your! And gardener, you wo n't need to do any type of maintenance the of! ‘ Stayman Winesap ’ trees, available from grower ’ s probably why it s... Easily snack on size of a ‘ Wealthy ’ apple pies, tarts, cakes and muffins spray harvest! The Empire outdoes the McIntosh is perfect for snacking straight from the seeds but can be... Collection of apple tree with its own benefits and drawbacks how many trees need a cultivar! All, that is, if you are growing a dwarf type usually needs between... Are easy to appreciate ripen all at once complex and simple, there! Great mid-season variety to enjoy in the most severe frost pockets to fruit...